[RESEND,v8,1/5] dma-buf: Add dma-buf heaps framework

Submitted by John Stultz on Sept. 6, 2019, 6:47 p.m.

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Message ID 20190906184712.91980-2-john.stultz@linaro.org
State New
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Series "DMA-BUF Heaps (destaging ION)" ( rev: 8 ) in DRI devel

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Commit Message

John Stultz Sept. 6, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
From: "Andrew F. Davis" <afd@ti.com>

This framework allows a unified userspace interface for dma-buf
exporters, allowing userland to allocate specific types of memory
for use in dma-buf sharing.

Each heap is given its own device node, which a user can allocate
a dma-buf fd from using the DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC.

This code is an evoluiton of the Android ION implementation,
and a big thanks is due to its authors/maintainers over time
for their effort:
  Rebecca Schultz Zavin, Colin Cross, Benjamin Gaignard,
  Laura Abbott, and many other contributors!

Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
Cc: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
Cc: Liam Mark <lmark@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Pratik Patel <pratikp@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com>
Cc: Vincent Donnefort <Vincent.Donnefort@arm.com>
Cc: Sudipto Paul <Sudipto.Paul@arm.com>
Cc: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Chenbo Feng <fengc@google.com>
Cc: Alistair Strachan <astrachan@google.com>
Cc: Hridya Valsaraju <hridya@google.com>
Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
Reviewed-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
---
v2:
* Folded down fixes I had previously shared in implementing
  heaps
* Make flags a u64 (Suggested by Laura)
* Add PAGE_ALIGN() fix to the core alloc funciton
* IOCTL fixups suggested by Brian
* Added fixes suggested by Benjamin
* Removed core stats mgmt, as that should be implemented by
  per-heap code
* Changed alloc to return a dma-buf fd, rather than a buffer
  (as it simplifies error handling)
v3:
* Removed scare-quotes in MAINTAINERS email address
* Get rid of .release function as it didn't do anything (from
  Christoph)
* Renamed filp to file (suggested by Christoph)
* Split out ioctl handling to separate function (suggested by
  Christoph)
* Add comment documenting PAGE_ALIGN usage (suggested by Brian)
* Switch from idr to Xarray (suggested by Brian)
* Fixup cdev creation (suggested by Brian)
* Avoid EXPORT_SYMBOL until we finalize modules (suggested by
  Brian)
* Make struct dma_heap internal only (folded in from Andrew)
* Small cleanups suggested by GregKH
* Provide class->devnode callback to get consistent /dev/
  subdirectory naming (Suggested by Bjorn)
v4:
* Folded down dma-heap.h change that was in a following patch
* Added fd_flags entry to allocation structure and pass it
  through to heap code for use on dma-buf fd creation (suggested
  by Benjamin)
v5:
* Minor cleanups
v6:
* Improved error path handling, minor whitespace fixes, both
  suggested by Brian
v7:
* Longer Kconfig description to quiet checkpatch warnings
* Re-add compat_ioctl bits (Hridya noticed 32bit userland wasn't
  working)
v8:
* Make struct dma_heap_ops consts (Suggested by Christoph)
* Checkpatch whitespace fixups
---
 MAINTAINERS                   |  18 +++
 drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig       |   9 ++
 drivers/dma-buf/Makefile      |   1 +
 drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c    | 250 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/dma-heap.h      |  59 ++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h |  55 ++++++++
 6 files changed, 392 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-heap.h
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index e7a47b5210fd..13e564e37161 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -4904,6 +4904,24 @@  F:	include/linux/*fence.h
 F:	Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst
 T:	git git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-misc
 
+DMA-BUF HEAPS FRAMEWORK
+M:	Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
+R:	Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
+R:	Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
+R:	Liam Mark <lmark@codeaurora.org>
+R:	Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
+R:	Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com>
+R:	John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
+S:	Maintained
+L:	linux-media@vger.kernel.org
+L:	dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
+L:	linaro-mm-sig@lists.linaro.org (moderated for non-subscribers)
+F:	include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
+F:	include/linux/dma-heap.h
+F:	drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
+F:	drivers/dma-buf/heaps/*
+T:	git git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-misc
+
 DMA GENERIC OFFLOAD ENGINE SUBSYSTEM
 M:	Vinod Koul <vkoul@kernel.org>
 L:	dmaengine@vger.kernel.org
diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
index b6a9c2f1bc41..162e24e1e429 100644
--- a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
@@ -39,4 +39,13 @@  config UDMABUF
 	  A driver to let userspace turn memfd regions into dma-bufs.
 	  Qemu can use this to create host dmabufs for guest framebuffers.
 
+menuconfig DMABUF_HEAPS
+	bool "DMA-BUF Userland Memory Heaps"
+	select DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
+	help
+	  Choose this option to enable the DMA-BUF userland memory heaps,
+	  this options creates per heap chardevs in /dev/dma_heap/ which
+	  allows userspace to use to allocate dma-bufs that can be shared
+	  between drivers.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
index e8c7310cb800..1cb3dd104825 100644
--- a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@ 
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
 obj-y := dma-buf.o dma-fence.o dma-fence-array.o dma-fence-chain.o \
 	 reservation.o seqno-fence.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DMABUF_HEAPS)	+= dma-heap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SYNC_FILE)		+= sync_file.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SW_SYNC)		+= sw_sync.o sync_debug.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_UDMABUF)		+= udmabuf.o
diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f961dbf6ec72
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,250 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Framework for userspace DMA-BUF allocations
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/dma-heap.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/dma-heap.h>
+
+#define DEVNAME "dma_heap"
+
+#define NUM_HEAP_MINORS 128
+
+/**
+ * struct dma_heap - represents a dmabuf heap in the system
+ * @name:		used for debugging/device-node name
+ * @ops:		ops struct for this heap
+ * @minor		minor number of this heap device
+ * @heap_devt		heap device node
+ * @heap_cdev		heap char device
+ *
+ * Represents a heap of memory from which buffers can be made.
+ */
+struct dma_heap {
+	const char *name;
+	const struct dma_heap_ops *ops;
+	void *priv;
+	unsigned int minor;
+	dev_t heap_devt;
+	struct cdev heap_cdev;
+};
+
+static dev_t dma_heap_devt;
+static struct class *dma_heap_class;
+static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(dma_heap_minors);
+
+static int dma_heap_buffer_alloc(struct dma_heap *heap, size_t len,
+				 unsigned int fd_flags,
+				 unsigned int heap_flags)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Allocations from all heaps have to begin
+	 * and end on page boundaries.
+	 */
+	len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
+	if (!len)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return heap->ops->allocate(heap, len, fd_flags, heap_flags);
+}
+
+static int dma_heap_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct dma_heap *heap;
+
+	heap = xa_load(&dma_heap_minors, iminor(inode));
+	if (!heap) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: minor %d unknown.\n", iminor(inode));
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	/* instance data as context */
+	file->private_data = heap;
+	nonseekable_open(inode, file);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long dma_heap_ioctl_allocate(struct file *file, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct dma_heap_allocation_data heap_allocation;
+	struct dma_heap *heap = file->private_data;
+	int fd;
+
+	if (copy_from_user(&heap_allocation, (void __user *)arg,
+			   sizeof(heap_allocation)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (heap_allocation.fd ||
+	    heap_allocation.reserved0 ||
+	    heap_allocation.reserved1) {
+		pr_warn_once("dma_heap: ioctl data not valid\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (heap_allocation.fd_flags & ~DMA_HEAP_VALID_FD_FLAGS) {
+		pr_warn_once("dma_heap: fd_flags has invalid or unsupported flags set\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (heap_allocation.heap_flags & ~DMA_HEAP_VALID_HEAP_FLAGS) {
+		pr_warn_once("dma_heap: heap flags has invalid or unsupported flags set\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	fd = dma_heap_buffer_alloc(heap, heap_allocation.len,
+				   heap_allocation.fd_flags,
+				   heap_allocation.heap_flags);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return fd;
+
+	heap_allocation.fd = fd;
+
+	if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &heap_allocation,
+			 sizeof(heap_allocation))) {
+		ksys_close(fd);
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long dma_heap_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+			   unsigned long arg)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC:
+		ret = dma_heap_ioctl_allocate(file, arg);
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -ENOTTY;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations dma_heap_fops = {
+	.owner          = THIS_MODULE,
+	.open		= dma_heap_open,
+	.unlocked_ioctl = dma_heap_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+	.compat_ioctl	= dma_heap_ioctl,
+#endif
+};
+
+/**
+ * dma_heap_get_data() - get per-subdriver data for the heap
+ * @heap: DMA-Heap to retrieve private data for
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * The per-subdriver data for the heap.
+ */
+void *dma_heap_get_data(struct dma_heap *heap)
+{
+	return heap->priv;
+}
+
+struct dma_heap *dma_heap_add(const struct dma_heap_export_info *exp_info)
+{
+	struct dma_heap *heap, *err_ret;
+	struct device *dev_ret;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!exp_info->name || !strcmp(exp_info->name, "")) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: Cannot add heap without a name\n");
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	if (!exp_info->ops || !exp_info->ops->allocate) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: Cannot add heap with invalid ops struct\n");
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	heap = kzalloc(sizeof(*heap), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!heap)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	heap->name = exp_info->name;
+	heap->ops = exp_info->ops;
+	heap->priv = exp_info->priv;
+
+	/* Find unused minor number */
+	ret = xa_alloc(&dma_heap_minors, &heap->minor, heap,
+		       XA_LIMIT(0, NUM_HEAP_MINORS - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to get minor number for heap\n");
+		err_ret = ERR_PTR(ret);
+		goto err0;
+	}
+
+	/* Create device */
+	heap->heap_devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(dma_heap_devt), heap->minor);
+
+	cdev_init(&heap->heap_cdev, &dma_heap_fops);
+	ret = cdev_add(&heap->heap_cdev, heap->heap_devt, 1);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to add char device\n");
+		err_ret = ERR_PTR(ret);
+		goto err1;
+	}
+
+	dev_ret = device_create(dma_heap_class,
+				NULL,
+				heap->heap_devt,
+				NULL,
+				heap->name);
+	if (IS_ERR(dev_ret)) {
+		pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to create device\n");
+		err_ret = (struct dma_heap *)dev_ret;
+		goto err2;
+	}
+
+	return heap;
+
+err2:
+	cdev_del(&heap->heap_cdev);
+err1:
+	xa_erase(&dma_heap_minors, heap->minor);
+err0:
+	kfree(heap);
+	return err_ret;
+}
+
+static char *dma_heap_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
+{
+	return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "dma_heap/%s", dev_name(dev));
+}
+
+static int dma_heap_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&dma_heap_devt, 0, NUM_HEAP_MINORS, DEVNAME);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	dma_heap_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, DEVNAME);
+	if (IS_ERR(dma_heap_class)) {
+		unregister_chrdev_region(dma_heap_devt, NUM_HEAP_MINORS);
+		return PTR_ERR(dma_heap_class);
+	}
+	dma_heap_class->devnode = dma_heap_devnode;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+subsys_initcall(dma_heap_init);
diff --git a/include/linux/dma-heap.h b/include/linux/dma-heap.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..df43e6d905e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/dma-heap.h
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * DMABUF Heaps Allocation Infrastructure
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _DMA_HEAPS_H
+#define _DMA_HEAPS_H
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct dma_heap;
+
+/**
+ * struct dma_heap_ops - ops to operate on a given heap
+ * @allocate:		allocate dmabuf and return fd
+ *
+ * allocate returns dmabuf fd  on success, -errno on error.
+ */
+struct dma_heap_ops {
+	int (*allocate)(struct dma_heap *heap,
+			unsigned long len,
+			unsigned long fd_flags,
+			unsigned long heap_flags);
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct dma_heap_export_info - information needed to export a new dmabuf heap
+ * @name:	used for debugging/device-node name
+ * @ops:	ops struct for this heap
+ * @priv:	heap exporter private data
+ *
+ * Information needed to export a new dmabuf heap.
+ */
+struct dma_heap_export_info {
+	const char *name;
+	const struct dma_heap_ops *ops;
+	void *priv;
+};
+
+/**
+ * dma_heap_get_data() - get per-heap driver data
+ * @heap: DMA-Heap to retrieve private data for
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * The per-heap data for the heap.
+ */
+void *dma_heap_get_data(struct dma_heap *heap);
+
+/**
+ * dma_heap_add - adds a heap to dmabuf heaps
+ * @exp_info:		information needed to register this heap
+ */
+struct dma_heap *dma_heap_add(const struct dma_heap_export_info *exp_info);
+
+#endif /* _DMA_HEAPS_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h b/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6ce5cc68d238
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * DMABUF Heaps Userspace API
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
+ */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H
+
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/**
+ * DOC: DMABUF Heaps Userspace API
+ */
+
+/* Valid FD_FLAGS are O_CLOEXEC, O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, O_RDWR */
+#define DMA_HEAP_VALID_FD_FLAGS (O_CLOEXEC | O_ACCMODE)
+
+/* Currently no heap flags */
+#define DMA_HEAP_VALID_HEAP_FLAGS (0)
+
+/**
+ * struct dma_heap_allocation_data - metadata passed from userspace for
+ *                                      allocations
+ * @len:		size of the allocation
+ * @fd:			will be populated with a fd which provdes the
+ *			handle to the allocated dma-buf
+ * @fd_flags:		file descriptor flags used when allocating
+ * @heap_flags:		flags passed to heap
+ *
+ * Provided by userspace as an argument to the ioctl
+ */
+struct dma_heap_allocation_data {
+	__u64 len;
+	__u32 fd;
+	__u32 fd_flags;
+	__u64 heap_flags;
+	__u32 reserved0;
+	__u32 reserved1;
+};
+
+#define DMA_HEAP_IOC_MAGIC		'H'
+
+/**
+ * DOC: DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC - allocate memory from pool
+ *
+ * Takes an dma_heap_allocation_data struct and returns it with the fd field
+ * populated with the dmabuf handle of the allocation.
+ */
+#define DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC	_IOWR(DMA_HEAP_IOC_MAGIC, 0, \
+				      struct dma_heap_allocation_data)
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H */

Comments

Hi John,

On Fri, Sep 06, 2019 at 06:47:08PM +0000, John Stultz wrote:
> From: "Andrew F. Davis" <afd@ti.com>
> 
> This framework allows a unified userspace interface for dma-buf
> exporters, allowing userland to allocate specific types of memory
> for use in dma-buf sharing.
> 
> Each heap is given its own device node, which a user can allocate
> a dma-buf fd from using the DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC.
> 
> This code is an evoluiton of the Android ION implementation,
> and a big thanks is due to its authors/maintainers over time
> for their effort:
>   Rebecca Schultz Zavin, Colin Cross, Benjamin Gaignard,
>   Laura Abbott, and many other contributors!
> 
> Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
> Cc: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
> Cc: Liam Mark <lmark@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Pratik Patel <pratikp@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com>
> Cc: Vincent Donnefort <Vincent.Donnefort@arm.com>
> Cc: Sudipto Paul <Sudipto.Paul@arm.com>
> Cc: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> Cc: Chenbo Feng <fengc@google.com>
> Cc: Alistair Strachan <astrachan@google.com>
> Cc: Hridya Valsaraju <hridya@google.com>
> Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> Reviewed-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>

One miniscule nit from me below, but whether you change it or not, you
can add my r-b:

Reviewed-by: Brian Starkey <brian.starkey@arm.com>

Thanks for pushing this through!

-Brian

> ---

...

> +
> +	dev_ret = device_create(dma_heap_class,
> +				NULL,
> +				heap->heap_devt,
> +				NULL,
> +				heap->name);
> +	if (IS_ERR(dev_ret)) {
> +		pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to create device\n");
> +		err_ret = (struct dma_heap *)dev_ret;

Tiny nit: ERR_CAST() would be more obvious for me here.
On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 3:08 PM Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com> wrote:
> One miniscule nit from me below, but whether you change it or not, you
> can add my r-b:
>
> Reviewed-by: Brian Starkey <brian.starkey@arm.com>
>
> Thanks for pushing this through!

Thanks again for the review! I'll address your issues and resubmit.

thanks
-john