[v2] drm/i915/pmu: avoid -Wmaybe-uninitialized warning

Submitted by Arnd Bergmann on March 13, 2018, 4:19 p.m.

Details

Message ID 20180313161952.552083-1-arnd@arndb.de
State New
Headers show
Series "drm/i915/pmu: avoid -Wmaybe-uninitialized warning" ( rev: 2 ) in DRI devel

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Commit Message

Arnd Bergmann March 13, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
The conditional spinlock confuses gcc into thinking the 'flags' value
might contain uninitialized data:

drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c: In function '__i915_pmu_event_read':
arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h:573:3: error: 'flags' may be used uninitialized in this function [-Werror=maybe-uninitialized]

The code is correct, but it's easy to see how the compiler gets confused
here. This avoids the problem by pulling the lock outside of the function
into its only caller.

Fixes: 1fe699e30113 ("drm/i915/pmu: Fix sleep under atomic in RC6 readout")
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
---
v2: removed unused function argument, fixed 'break' statement.
---
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c | 25 ++++++++++---------------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
index 4bc7aefa9541..d6b9b6b5fb98 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
@@ -412,10 +412,9 @@  static u64 __get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915)
 	return val;
 }
 
-static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
+static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915)
 {
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM)
-	unsigned long flags;
 	u64 val;
 
 	if (intel_runtime_pm_get_if_in_use(i915)) {
@@ -428,18 +427,12 @@  static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
 		 * previously.
 		 */
 
-		if (!locked)
-			spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
-
 		if (val >= i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur) {
 			i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = 0;
 			i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur = val;
 		} else {
 			val = i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur;
 		}
-
-		if (!locked)
-			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
 	} else {
 		struct pci_dev *pdev = i915->drm.pdev;
 		struct device *kdev = &pdev->dev;
@@ -452,9 +445,6 @@  static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
 		 * on top of the last known real value, as the approximated RC6
 		 * counter value.
 		 */
-		if (!locked)
-			spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
-
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&kdev->power.lock, flags2);
 
 		if (!i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur)
@@ -470,9 +460,6 @@  static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
 		val = jiffies_to_nsecs(val);
 		val += i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur;
 		i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = val;
-
-		if (!locked)
-			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
 	}
 
 	return val;
@@ -519,7 +506,15 @@  static u64 __i915_pmu_event_read(struct perf_event *event, bool locked)
 			val = count_interrupts(i915);
 			break;
 		case I915_PMU_RC6_RESIDENCY:
-			val = get_rc6(i915, locked);
+			if (!locked) {
+				unsigned long flags;
+
+				spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
+				val = get_rc6(i915);
+				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
+			} else {
+				val = get_rc6(i915);
+			}
 			break;
 		}
 	}

Comments

Quoting Arnd Bergmann (2018-03-13 16:19:31)
> The conditional spinlock confuses gcc into thinking the 'flags' value
> might contain uninitialized data:
> 
> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c: In function '__i915_pmu_event_read':
> arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h:573:3: error: 'flags' may be used uninitialized in this function [-Werror=maybe-uninitialized]
> 
> The code is correct, but it's easy to see how the compiler gets confused
> here. This avoids the problem by pulling the lock outside of the function
> into its only caller.
> 
> Fixes: 1fe699e30113 ("drm/i915/pmu: Fix sleep under atomic in RC6 readout")
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Reviewed-by: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
-Chris
On 13/03/2018 16:19, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> The conditional spinlock confuses gcc into thinking the 'flags' value
> might contain uninitialized data:
> 
> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c: In function '__i915_pmu_event_read':
> arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h:573:3: error: 'flags' may be used uninitialized in this function [-Werror=maybe-uninitialized]

Hm, how does paravirt_types.h comes into the picture?

> The code is correct, but it's easy to see how the compiler gets confused
> here. This avoids the problem by pulling the lock outside of the function
> into its only caller.

Is it specific gcc version, specific options, or specific kernel config 
that this happens?

Strange that it hasn't been seen so far.

Regards,

Tvrtko

> Fixes: 1fe699e30113 ("drm/i915/pmu: Fix sleep under atomic in RC6 readout")
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> ---
> v2: removed unused function argument, fixed 'break' statement.
> ---
>   drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c | 25 ++++++++++---------------
>   1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
> index 4bc7aefa9541..d6b9b6b5fb98 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c
> @@ -412,10 +412,9 @@ static u64 __get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915)
>   	return val;
>   }
>   
> -static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
> +static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915)
>   {
>   #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM)
> -	unsigned long flags;
>   	u64 val;
>   
>   	if (intel_runtime_pm_get_if_in_use(i915)) {
> @@ -428,18 +427,12 @@ static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
>   		 * previously.
>   		 */
>   
> -		if (!locked)
> -			spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
> -
>   		if (val >= i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur) {
>   			i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = 0;
>   			i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur = val;
>   		} else {
>   			val = i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur;
>   		}
> -
> -		if (!locked)
> -			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
>   	} else {
>   		struct pci_dev *pdev = i915->drm.pdev;
>   		struct device *kdev = &pdev->dev;
> @@ -452,9 +445,6 @@ static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
>   		 * on top of the last known real value, as the approximated RC6
>   		 * counter value.
>   		 */
> -		if (!locked)
> -			spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
> -
>   		spin_lock_irqsave(&kdev->power.lock, flags2);
>   
>   		if (!i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur)
> @@ -470,9 +460,6 @@ static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
>   		val = jiffies_to_nsecs(val);
>   		val += i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur;
>   		i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = val;
> -
> -		if (!locked)
> -			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
>   	}
>   
>   	return val;
> @@ -519,7 +506,15 @@ static u64 __i915_pmu_event_read(struct perf_event *event, bool locked)
>   			val = count_interrupts(i915);
>   			break;
>   		case I915_PMU_RC6_RESIDENCY:
> -			val = get_rc6(i915, locked);
> +			if (!locked) {
> +				unsigned long flags;
> +
> +				spin_lock_irqsave(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
> +				val = get_rc6(i915);
> +				spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
> +			} else {
> +				val = get_rc6(i915);
> +			}
>   			break;
>   		}
>   	}
>
On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 6:46 PM, Tvrtko Ursulin
<tvrtko.ursulin@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>
> On 13/03/2018 16:19, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>
>> The conditional spinlock confuses gcc into thinking the 'flags' value
>> might contain uninitialized data:
>>
>> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c: In function '__i915_pmu_event_read':
>> arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h:573:3: error: 'flags' may be used
>> uninitialized in this function [-Werror=maybe-uninitialized]
>
>
> Hm, how does paravirt_types.h comes into the picture?

spin_unlock_irqrestore() calls arch_local_irq_restore()

>> The code is correct, but it's easy to see how the compiler gets confused
>> here. This avoids the problem by pulling the lock outside of the function
>> into its only caller.
>
>
> Is it specific gcc version, specific options, or specific kernel config that
> this happens?

Not gcc version specific (same result with gcc-4.9 through 8, didn't test
earlier versions that are currently broken).

> Strange that it hasn't been seen so far.

It seems to be a relatively rare 'randconfig' combination. Looking at
the preprocessed sources, I find:

static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
{

 unsigned long flags;
 u64 val;

 if (intel_runtime_pm_get_if_in_use(i915)) {
  val = __get_rc6(i915);
  intel_runtime_pm_put(i915);
  if (!locked)
   do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2;
(void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
__dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; });
flags = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off(); }
while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
(void)(spinlock_check(&i915->pmu.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
while (0); } while (0); } while (0);

  if (val >= i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur) {
   i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = 0;
   i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur = val;
  } else {
   val = i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur;
  }
  if (!locked)
   spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
 } else {
  struct pci_dev *pdev = i915->drm.pdev;
  struct device *kdev = &pdev->dev;
  unsigned long flags2;
# 455 "/git/arm-soc/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c"
  if (!locked)
   do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2;
(void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
__dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; });
flags = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off(); }
while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
(void)(spinlock_check(&i915->pmu.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
while (0); } while (0); } while (0);

  do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags2) __dummy2;
(void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
__dummy; typeof(flags2) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1;
}); flags2 = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off();
} while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
(void)(spinlock_check(&kdev->power.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
while (0); } while (0); } while (0);

  if (!i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur)
   i915->pmu.suspended_jiffies_last =
      kdev->power.suspended_jiffies;

  val = kdev->power.suspended_jiffies -
        i915->pmu.suspended_jiffies_last;
  val += jiffies - kdev->power.accounting_timestamp;

  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kdev->power.lock, flags2);

  val = jiffies_to_nsecs(val);
  val += i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur;
  i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = val;

  if (!locked)
   spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
 }
  return val;
}

so it seems that the spin_lock_irqsave() is completely inlined through
a macro while the unlock is not, and the lock contains a memory barrier
(among other things) that might tell the compiler that the state of the
'locked' flag could changed underneath it.

It could also be the problem that arch_local_irq_restore() uses
__builtin_expect() in  PVOP_TEST_NULL(op) when
CONFIG_PARAVIRT_DEBUG is enabled, see

static inline __attribute__((unused))
__attribute__((no_instrument_function))
__attribute__((no_instrument_function)) void
arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f)
{
 ({ unsigned long __eax = __eax, __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx;; do {
if (__builtin_expect(!!(pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func == ((void *)0)),
0)) do { do { asm volatile("1:\t" ".byte 0x0f, 0x0b" "\n"
".pushsection __bug_table,\"aw\"\n" "2:\t" ".long " "1b" "\t#
bug_entry::bug_addr\n" "\t" ".long " "%c0" "\t# bug_entry::file\n"
"\t.word %c1" "\t# bug_entry::line\n" "\t.word %c2" "\t#
bug_entry::flags\n" "\t.org 2b+%c3\n" ".popsection" : : "i"
("/git/arm-soc/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt.h"), "i" (783), "i" (0),
"i" (sizeof(struct bug_entry))); } while (0); do { ; asm volatile("");
__builtin_unreachable(); } while (0); } while (0); } while (0); asm
volatile("" "771:\n\t" "999:\n\t" ".pushsection
.discard.retpoline_safe\n\t" " " ".long" " " " 999b\n\t"
".popsection\n\t" "call *%c[paravirt_opptr];" "\n" "772:\n"
".pushsection .parainstructions,\"a\"\n" " " ".balign 4" " " "\n" " "
".long" " " " 771b\n" "  .byte " "%c[paravirt_typenum]" "\n" "  .byte
772b-771b\n" "  .short " "%c[paravirt_clobber]" "\n" ".popsection\n"
"" : "=a" (__eax), "=d" (__edx), "+r" (current_stack_pointer) :
[paravirt_typenum] "i" ((__builtin_offsetof(struct
paravirt_patch_template, pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func) / sizeof(void
*))), [paravirt_opptr] "i" (&(pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func)),
[paravirt_clobber] "i" (((1 << 0) | (1 << 2))), "a" ((unsigned
long)(f)) : "memory", "cc" ); });
}

this seems to frequently confuse gcc, and turning off that NULL check
avoids the warning as well.

If you want to analyze it further, see https://pastebin.com/T2yLRqU5
for the .config file, but I'm pretty sure this is a known problem with gcc
that happens to be very hard to fix.

       Arnd
On 13/03/2018 20:10, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 6:46 PM, Tvrtko Ursulin
> <tvrtko.ursulin@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 13/03/2018 16:19, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>>
>>> The conditional spinlock confuses gcc into thinking the 'flags' value
>>> might contain uninitialized data:
>>>
>>> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c: In function '__i915_pmu_event_read':
>>> arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h:573:3: error: 'flags' may be used
>>> uninitialized in this function [-Werror=maybe-uninitialized]
>>
>>
>> Hm, how does paravirt_types.h comes into the picture?
> 
> spin_unlock_irqrestore() calls arch_local_irq_restore()
> 
>>> The code is correct, but it's easy to see how the compiler gets confused
>>> here. This avoids the problem by pulling the lock outside of the function
>>> into its only caller.
>>
>>
>> Is it specific gcc version, specific options, or specific kernel config that
>> this happens?
> 
> Not gcc version specific (same result with gcc-4.9 through 8, didn't test
> earlier versions that are currently broken).
> 
>> Strange that it hasn't been seen so far.
> 
> It seems to be a relatively rare 'randconfig' combination. Looking at
> the preprocessed sources, I find:
> 
> static u64 get_rc6(struct drm_i915_private *i915, bool locked)
> {
> 
>   unsigned long flags;
>   u64 val;
> 
>   if (intel_runtime_pm_get_if_in_use(i915)) {
>    val = __get_rc6(i915);
>    intel_runtime_pm_put(i915);
>    if (!locked)
>     do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2;
> (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
> __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; });
> flags = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off(); }
> while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
> (void)(spinlock_check(&i915->pmu.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
> while (0); } while (0); } while (0);
> 
>    if (val >= i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur) {
>     i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = 0;
>     i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur = val;
>    } else {
>     val = i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur;
>    }
>    if (!locked)
>     spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
>   } else {
>    struct pci_dev *pdev = i915->drm.pdev;
>    struct device *kdev = &pdev->dev;
>    unsigned long flags2;
> # 455 "/git/arm-soc/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_pmu.c"
>    if (!locked)
>     do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2;
> (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
> __dummy; typeof(flags) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; });
> flags = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off(); }
> while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
> (void)(spinlock_check(&i915->pmu.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
> while (0); } while (0); } while (0);
> 
>    do { do { ({ unsigned long __dummy; typeof(flags2) __dummy2;
> (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1; }); do { do { do { ({ unsigned long
> __dummy; typeof(flags2) __dummy2; (void)(&__dummy == &__dummy2); 1;
> }); flags2 = arch_local_irq_save(); } while (0); trace_hardirqs_off();
> } while (0); do { __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory"); do { (void)0;
> (void)(spinlock_check(&kdev->power.lock)); } while (0); } while (0); }
> while (0); } while (0); } while (0);
> 
>    if (!i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur)
>     i915->pmu.suspended_jiffies_last =
>        kdev->power.suspended_jiffies;
> 
>    val = kdev->power.suspended_jiffies -
>          i915->pmu.suspended_jiffies_last;
>    val += jiffies - kdev->power.accounting_timestamp;
> 
>    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kdev->power.lock, flags2);
> 
>    val = jiffies_to_nsecs(val);
>    val += i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6].cur;
>    i915->pmu.sample[__I915_SAMPLE_RC6_ESTIMATED].cur = val;
> 
>    if (!locked)
>     spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i915->pmu.lock, flags);
>   }
>    return val;
> }
> 
> so it seems that the spin_lock_irqsave() is completely inlined through
> a macro while the unlock is not, and the lock contains a memory barrier
> (among other things) that might tell the compiler that the state of the
> 'locked' flag could changed underneath it.

Ha, interesting. So it sounds more like us having to workaround a bug in 
the paravirt spinlock macros.

I think I would prefer a different solution, where we don't end up doing 
MMIO under irqsave spinlock. I'll send a patch.

Regards,

Tvrtko

> 
> It could also be the problem that arch_local_irq_restore() uses
> __builtin_expect() in  PVOP_TEST_NULL(op) when
> CONFIG_PARAVIRT_DEBUG is enabled, see
> 
> static inline __attribute__((unused))
> __attribute__((no_instrument_function))
> __attribute__((no_instrument_function)) void
> arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f)
> {
>   ({ unsigned long __eax = __eax, __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx;; do {
> if (__builtin_expect(!!(pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func == ((void *)0)),
> 0)) do { do { asm volatile("1:\t" ".byte 0x0f, 0x0b" "\n"
> ".pushsection __bug_table,\"aw\"\n" "2:\t" ".long " "1b" "\t#
> bug_entry::bug_addr\n" "\t" ".long " "%c0" "\t# bug_entry::file\n"
> "\t.word %c1" "\t# bug_entry::line\n" "\t.word %c2" "\t#
> bug_entry::flags\n" "\t.org 2b+%c3\n" ".popsection" : : "i"
> ("/git/arm-soc/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt.h"), "i" (783), "i" (0),
> "i" (sizeof(struct bug_entry))); } while (0); do { ; asm volatile("");
> __builtin_unreachable(); } while (0); } while (0); } while (0); asm
> volatile("" "771:\n\t" "999:\n\t" ".pushsection
> .discard.retpoline_safe\n\t" " " ".long" " " " 999b\n\t"
> ".popsection\n\t" "call *%c[paravirt_opptr];" "\n" "772:\n"
> ".pushsection .parainstructions,\"a\"\n" " " ".balign 4" " " "\n" ""
> ".long" " " " 771b\n" "  .byte " "%c[paravirt_typenum]" "\n" "  .byte
> 772b-771b\n" "  .short " "%c[paravirt_clobber]" "\n" ".popsection\n"
> "" : "=a" (__eax), "=d" (__edx), "+r" (current_stack_pointer) :
> [paravirt_typenum] "i" ((__builtin_offsetof(struct
> paravirt_patch_template, pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func) / sizeof(void
> *))), [paravirt_opptr] "i" (&(pv_irq_ops.restore_fl.func)),
> [paravirt_clobber] "i" (((1 << 0) | (1 << 2))), "a" ((unsigned
> long)(f)) : "memory", "cc" ); });
> }
> 
> this seems to frequently confuse gcc, and turning off that NULL check
> avoids the warning as well.
> 
> If you want to analyze it further, see https://pastebin.com/T2yLRqU5
> for the .config file, but I'm pretty sure this is a known problem with gcc
> that happens to be very hard to fix.
> 
>         Arnd
>