[pthread-stubs,3/4] Rework the pthread-stub design

Submitted by Emil Velikov on Nov. 3, 2016, 8:24 p.m.

Details

Message ID 20161103202459.25180-4-emil.l.velikov@gmail.com
State New
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Series "Rework pthread-stubs design/implementation" ( rev: 1 ) in XCB

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Commit Message

Emil Velikov Nov. 3, 2016, 8:24 p.m.
From: Emil Velikov <emil.velikov@collabora.com>

The current design handles the most common use-cases, although it causes
breakage on others (when a pthreads liked library is dlopened). Refer to
the README for further details.

The new design, makes pthread-stubs a "meta" package which _never_
provides a library but a simple .pc file.

pthread-stubs checks if the run-time (libc or otherwise) expose
lightweight pthread symbols to link against and defaults to the full
blown pthread.

This way projects can reuse the Cflags/Libs without having to know the
details. Alternatively they can directly link against the pthreads
implementation, although that might bring unwarranted overhead.

Signed-off-by: Emil Velikov <emil.velikov@collabora.com>
---
 Makefile.am         |  10 --
 README              |  33 +++-
 configure.ac        |  64 +++----
 m4/ax_pthread.m4    | 485 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 pthread-stubs.pc.in |   3 +-
 stubs.c.m4          |  91 ----------
 6 files changed, 545 insertions(+), 141 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 m4/ax_pthread.m4
 delete mode 100644 stubs.c.m4

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/Makefile.am b/Makefile.am
index 2329572..93123a6 100644
--- a/Makefile.am
+++ b/Makefile.am
@@ -1,12 +1,2 @@ 
 pkgconfigdir = $(libdir)/pkgconfig
 pkgconfig_DATA = pthread-stubs.pc
-
-if BUILD_LIB
-stubs.c: list.m4 stubs.c.m4
-	m4 -P -I $(srcdir) stubs.c.m4 > $@
-
-lib_LTLIBRARIES = libpthread-stubs.la
-nodist_libpthread_stubs_la_SOURCES = stubs.c
-CLEANFILES = stubs.c
-endif
-EXTRA_libpthread_stubs_la_SOURCES = stubs.c.m4
diff --git a/README b/README
index 4e7e85b..44f39ee 100644
--- a/README
+++ b/README
@@ -1,9 +1,24 @@ 
-This library provides weak aliases for pthread functions not provided in libc
-or otherwise available by default.  Libraries like libxcb rely on pthread
-stubs to use pthreads optionally, becoming thread-safe when linked to
-libpthread, while avoiding any performance hit when running single-threaded.
-libpthread-stubs supports this behavior even on platforms which do not supply
-all the necessary pthread stubs.  On platforms which already supply all the
-necessary pthread stubs, this package ships only the pkg-config file
-pthread-stubs.pc, to allow libraries to unconditionally express a dependency
-on pthread-stubs and still obtain correct behavior.
+Originally this library used to provide weak aliases for pthread functions not
+provided in libc or otherwise available by default.
+
+This was found to be a fundamental issue with the design, as the following
+scenario came to light:
+
+Program/library links against pthread-stubs and none of its direct dependencies
+link against pthreads. Thus the weak pthread symbols are used. At a later stage
+a module is dlopened. A one which (directly or via some of its dependencies)
+pulls a full-fledged pthreads implementation. This leads to the weak symbols
+being overridden thus any consecutive calls to the pthreads API [by the
+pthread-stubs user] will be mismatched leading to all sorts of issues.
+
+In order to prevent that one has to traverse up the dependency chain (from the
+pthread-stubs user) and establish whether any of the dependencies will dlopen
+a module which pulls the complete pthread library.
+
+As this is not deemed practical and the alternative solution implemented here
+is as follows:
+
+The pthread-stubs package only ever provided a .pc file, which provides a set
+of Cflags and Libs.
+ - In the case of pthreads capable libc those are empty
+ - Alternatively they expand to the platform specific PTHREAD_{CFLAGS,LIBS}
diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index ef300ad..aeacc77 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@  AC_INIT([libpthread-stubs],
         0.3,
         [xcb@lists.freedesktop.org])
 AC_CONFIG_SRCDIR([pthread-stubs.pc.in])
+AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])
 AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE([foreign dist-bzip2])
 
 AC_CONFIG_HEADERS([config.h])
@@ -9,39 +10,42 @@  AC_CONFIG_HEADERS([config.h])
 AC_PROG_LIBTOOL
 AC_PROG_CC
 
-
-dnl Detection code for compilers supporting the __attribute__((weak, alias))
-dnl feature. Original code present in unieject's repository
-dnl Diego Pettenò <flameeyes@gentoo.org>
-ac_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
-CFLAGS="$CFLAGS -Werror"
-AC_CACHE_CHECK([if compiler supports __attribute__((weak, alias))],
-	[cc_cv_attribute_alias],
-	[AC_COMPILE_IFELSE([
-		void other_function(void *foo) { }
-		void some_function(void *foo) __attribute__((weak, alias("other_function")));
-		],
-		[cc_cv_attribute_alias=yes],
-		[cc_cv_attribute_alias=no])
-	])
-CFLAGS="$ac_save_CFLAGS"
-if test "x$cc_cv_attribute_alias" = "xyes"; then
-	AC_DEFINE([SUPPORT_ATTRIBUTE_ALIAS], 1, [Define this if the compiler supports the alias attribute])
+dnl Check if the following functions have stubs.
+funclist="\
+pthread_self \
+pthread_mutex_init \
+pthread_mutex_destroy \
+pthread_mutex_lock \
+pthread_mutex_unlock \
+pthread_cond_init \
+pthread_cond_destroy \
+pthread_condattr_init \
+pthread_condattr_destroy \
+pthread_cond_wait \
+pthread_cond_timedwait \
+pthread_cond_signal \
+pthread_cond_broadcast \
+pthread_equal \
+pthread_exit"
+
+AC_CHECK_FUNCS($funclist, [HAVE_STUBS=yes])
+
+
+if test "x$HAVE_STUBS" = xyes; then
+    PKG_CONFIG_CFLAGS=
+    PKG_CONFIG_LIBS=
+else
+    AX_PTHREAD
+    if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = xno; then
+        AC_MSG_ERROR([Building pthread-stubs on this platform requires pthreads])
+    fi
+
+    PKG_CONFIG_CFLAGS=$PTHREAD_CFLAGS
+    PKG_CONFIG_LIBS=$PTHREAD_LIBS
 fi
 
-dnl Grab the list of functions to test for from our template file.
-m4_define([funclist], [])
-m4_define([alias], [m4_if([$1],[na],[], [m4_append([funclist], [$3 ])])])
-m4_divert_push([KILL])
-m4_include([list.m4])
-m4_divert_pop([KILL])
-
-dnl Check which functions we need to provide aliases for.
-PKG_CONFIG_LIBS=
-AC_CHECK_FUNCS(funclist, [], [PKG_CONFIG_LIBS='-L${libdir} -lpthread-stubs'])
-
+AC_SUBST([PKG_CONFIG_CFLAGS])
 AC_SUBST([PKG_CONFIG_LIBS])
-AM_CONDITIONAL(BUILD_LIB, test "x$PKG_CONFIG_LIBS" != x)
 
 AC_CONFIG_FILES([Makefile pthread-stubs.pc])
 AC_OUTPUT
diff --git a/m4/ax_pthread.m4 b/m4/ax_pthread.m4
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4c4051e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/m4/ax_pthread.m4
@@ -0,0 +1,485 @@ 
+# ===========================================================================
+#        http://www.gnu.org/software/autoconf-archive/ax_pthread.html
+# ===========================================================================
+#
+# SYNOPSIS
+#
+#   AX_PTHREAD([ACTION-IF-FOUND[, ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND]])
+#
+# DESCRIPTION
+#
+#   This macro figures out how to build C programs using POSIX threads. It
+#   sets the PTHREAD_LIBS output variable to the threads library and linker
+#   flags, and the PTHREAD_CFLAGS output variable to any special C compiler
+#   flags that are needed. (The user can also force certain compiler
+#   flags/libs to be tested by setting these environment variables.)
+#
+#   Also sets PTHREAD_CC to any special C compiler that is needed for
+#   multi-threaded programs (defaults to the value of CC otherwise). (This
+#   is necessary on AIX to use the special cc_r compiler alias.)
+#
+#   NOTE: You are assumed to not only compile your program with these flags,
+#   but also to link with them as well. For example, you might link with
+#   $PTHREAD_CC $CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $LDFLAGS ... $PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS
+#
+#   If you are only building threaded programs, you may wish to use these
+#   variables in your default LIBS, CFLAGS, and CC:
+#
+#     LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
+#     CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+#     CC="$PTHREAD_CC"
+#
+#   In addition, if the PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE thread-attribute constant
+#   has a nonstandard name, this macro defines PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE to
+#   that name (e.g. PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED on AIX).
+#
+#   Also HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT is defined if pthread is found and the
+#   PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT symbol is defined when compiling with
+#   PTHREAD_CFLAGS.
+#
+#   ACTION-IF-FOUND is a list of shell commands to run if a threads library
+#   is found, and ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND is a list of commands to run it if it
+#   is not found. If ACTION-IF-FOUND is not specified, the default action
+#   will define HAVE_PTHREAD.
+#
+#   Please let the authors know if this macro fails on any platform, or if
+#   you have any other suggestions or comments. This macro was based on work
+#   by SGJ on autoconf scripts for FFTW (http://www.fftw.org/) (with help
+#   from M. Frigo), as well as ac_pthread and hb_pthread macros posted by
+#   Alejandro Forero Cuervo to the autoconf macro repository. We are also
+#   grateful for the helpful feedback of numerous users.
+#
+#   Updated for Autoconf 2.68 by Daniel Richard G.
+#
+# LICENSE
+#
+#   Copyright (c) 2008 Steven G. Johnson <stevenj@alum.mit.edu>
+#   Copyright (c) 2011 Daniel Richard G. <skunk@iSKUNK.ORG>
+#
+#   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+#   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+#   Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your
+#   option) any later version.
+#
+#   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+#   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+#   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General
+#   Public License for more details.
+#
+#   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+#   with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+#
+#   As a special exception, the respective Autoconf Macro's copyright owner
+#   gives unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify the configure
+#   scripts that are the output of Autoconf when processing the Macro. You
+#   need not follow the terms of the GNU General Public License when using
+#   or distributing such scripts, even though portions of the text of the
+#   Macro appear in them. The GNU General Public License (GPL) does govern
+#   all other use of the material that constitutes the Autoconf Macro.
+#
+#   This special exception to the GPL applies to versions of the Autoconf
+#   Macro released by the Autoconf Archive. When you make and distribute a
+#   modified version of the Autoconf Macro, you may extend this special
+#   exception to the GPL to apply to your modified version as well.
+
+#serial 23
+
+AU_ALIAS([ACX_PTHREAD], [AX_PTHREAD])
+AC_DEFUN([AX_PTHREAD], [
+AC_REQUIRE([AC_CANONICAL_HOST])
+AC_REQUIRE([AC_PROG_CC])
+AC_REQUIRE([AC_PROG_SED])
+AC_LANG_PUSH([C])
+ax_pthread_ok=no
+
+# We used to check for pthread.h first, but this fails if pthread.h
+# requires special compiler flags (e.g. on Tru64 or Sequent).
+# It gets checked for in the link test anyway.
+
+# First of all, check if the user has set any of the PTHREAD_LIBS,
+# etcetera environment variables, and if threads linking works using
+# them:
+if test "x$PTHREAD_CFLAGS$PTHREAD_LIBS" != "x"; then
+        ax_pthread_save_CC="$CC"
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
+        AS_IF([test "x$PTHREAD_CC" != "x"], [CC="$PTHREAD_CC"])
+        CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
+        AC_MSG_CHECKING([for pthread_join using $CC $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $PTHREAD_LIBS])
+        AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_CALL([], [pthread_join])], [ax_pthread_ok=yes])
+        AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
+        if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xno"; then
+                PTHREAD_LIBS=""
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
+        fi
+        CC="$ax_pthread_save_CC"
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
+fi
+
+# We must check for the threads library under a number of different
+# names; the ordering is very important because some systems
+# (e.g. DEC) have both -lpthread and -lpthreads, where one of the
+# libraries is broken (non-POSIX).
+
+# Create a list of thread flags to try.  Items starting with a "-" are
+# C compiler flags, and other items are library names, except for "none"
+# which indicates that we try without any flags at all, and "pthread-config"
+# which is a program returning the flags for the Pth emulation library.
+
+ax_pthread_flags="pthreads none -Kthread -pthread -pthreads -mthreads pthread --thread-safe -mt pthread-config"
+
+# The ordering *is* (sometimes) important.  Some notes on the
+# individual items follow:
+
+# pthreads: AIX (must check this before -lpthread)
+# none: in case threads are in libc; should be tried before -Kthread and
+#       other compiler flags to prevent continual compiler warnings
+# -Kthread: Sequent (threads in libc, but -Kthread needed for pthread.h)
+# -pthread: Linux/gcc (kernel threads), BSD/gcc (userland threads), Tru64
+#           (Note: HP C rejects this with "bad form for `-t' option")
+# -pthreads: Solaris/gcc (Note: HP C also rejects)
+# -mt: Sun Workshop C (may only link SunOS threads [-lthread], but it
+#      doesn't hurt to check since this sometimes defines pthreads and
+#      -D_REENTRANT too), HP C (must be checked before -lpthread, which
+#      is present but should not be used directly; and before -mthreads,
+#      because the compiler interprets this as "-mt" + "-hreads")
+# -mthreads: Mingw32/gcc, Lynx/gcc
+# pthread: Linux, etcetera
+# --thread-safe: KAI C++
+# pthread-config: use pthread-config program (for GNU Pth library)
+
+case $host_os in
+
+        freebsd*)
+
+        # -kthread: FreeBSD kernel threads (preferred to -pthread since SMP-able)
+        # lthread: LinuxThreads port on FreeBSD (also preferred to -pthread)
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-kthread lthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+
+        hpux*)
+
+        # From the cc(1) man page: "[-mt] Sets various -D flags to enable
+        # multi-threading and also sets -lpthread."
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-mt -pthread pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+
+        openedition*)
+
+        # IBM z/OS requires a feature-test macro to be defined in order to
+        # enable POSIX threads at all, so give the user a hint if this is
+        # not set. (We don't define these ourselves, as they can affect
+        # other portions of the system API in unpredictable ways.)
+
+        AC_EGREP_CPP([AX_PTHREAD_ZOS_MISSING],
+            [
+#            if !defined(_OPEN_THREADS) && !defined(_UNIX03_THREADS)
+             AX_PTHREAD_ZOS_MISSING
+#            endif
+            ],
+            [AC_MSG_WARN([IBM z/OS requires -D_OPEN_THREADS or -D_UNIX03_THREADS to enable pthreads support.])])
+        ;;
+
+        solaris*)
+
+        # On Solaris (at least, for some versions), libc contains stubbed
+        # (non-functional) versions of the pthreads routines, so link-based
+        # tests will erroneously succeed. (N.B.: The stubs are missing
+        # pthread_cleanup_push, or rather a function called by this macro,
+        # so we could check for that, but who knows whether they'll stub
+        # that too in a future libc.)  So we'll check first for the
+        # standard Solaris way of linking pthreads (-mt -lpthread).
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-mt,pthread pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+esac
+
+# GCC generally uses -pthread, or -pthreads on some platforms (e.g. SPARC)
+
+AS_IF([test "x$GCC" = "xyes"],
+      [ax_pthread_flags="-pthread -pthreads $ax_pthread_flags"])
+
+# The presence of a feature test macro requesting re-entrant function
+# definitions is, on some systems, a strong hint that pthreads support is
+# correctly enabled
+
+case $host_os in
+        darwin* | hpux* | linux* | osf* | solaris*)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="_REENTRANT"
+        ;;
+
+        aix*)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="_THREAD_SAFE"
+        ;;
+
+        *)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="--"
+        ;;
+esac
+AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_check_macro" = "x--"],
+      [ax_pthread_check_cond=0],
+      [ax_pthread_check_cond="!defined($ax_pthread_check_macro)"])
+
+# Are we compiling with Clang?
+
+AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether $CC is Clang],
+    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG],
+    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG=no
+     # Note that Autoconf sets GCC=yes for Clang as well as GCC
+     if test "x$GCC" = "xyes"; then
+        AC_EGREP_CPP([AX_PTHREAD_CC_IS_CLANG],
+            [/* Note: Clang 2.7 lacks __clang_[a-z]+__ */
+#            if defined(__clang__) && defined(__llvm__)
+             AX_PTHREAD_CC_IS_CLANG
+#            endif
+            ],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG=yes])
+     fi
+    ])
+ax_pthread_clang="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG"
+
+ax_pthread_clang_warning=no
+
+# Clang needs special handling, because older versions handle the -pthread
+# option in a rather... idiosyncratic way
+
+if test "x$ax_pthread_clang" = "xyes"; then
+
+        # Clang takes -pthread; it has never supported any other flag
+
+        # (Note 1: This will need to be revisited if a system that Clang
+        # supports has POSIX threads in a separate library.  This tends not
+        # to be the way of modern systems, but it's conceivable.)
+
+        # (Note 2: On some systems, notably Darwin, -pthread is not needed
+        # to get POSIX threads support; the API is always present and
+        # active.  We could reasonably leave PTHREAD_CFLAGS empty.  But
+        # -pthread does define _REENTRANT, and while the Darwin headers
+        # ignore this macro, third-party headers might not.)
+
+        PTHREAD_CFLAGS="-pthread"
+        PTHREAD_LIBS=
+
+        ax_pthread_ok=yes
+
+        # However, older versions of Clang make a point of warning the user
+        # that, in an invocation where only linking and no compilation is
+        # taking place, the -pthread option has no effect ("argument unused
+        # during compilation").  They expect -pthread to be passed in only
+        # when source code is being compiled.
+        #
+        # Problem is, this is at odds with the way Automake and most other
+        # C build frameworks function, which is that the same flags used in
+        # compilation (CFLAGS) are also used in linking.  Many systems
+        # supported by AX_PTHREAD require exactly this for POSIX threads
+        # support, and in fact it is often not straightforward to specify a
+        # flag that is used only in the compilation phase and not in
+        # linking.  Such a scenario is extremely rare in practice.
+        #
+        # Even though use of the -pthread flag in linking would only print
+        # a warning, this can be a nuisance for well-run software projects
+        # that build with -Werror.  So if the active version of Clang has
+        # this misfeature, we search for an option to squash it.
+
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether Clang needs flag to prevent "argument unused" warning when linking with -pthread],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG=unknown
+             # Create an alternate version of $ac_link that compiles and
+             # links in two steps (.c -> .o, .o -> exe) instead of one
+             # (.c -> exe), because the warning occurs only in the second
+             # step
+             ax_pthread_save_ac_link="$ac_link"
+             ax_pthread_sed='s/conftest\.\$ac_ext/conftest.$ac_objext/g'
+             ax_pthread_link_step=`$as_echo "$ac_link" | sed "$ax_pthread_sed"`
+             ax_pthread_2step_ac_link="($ac_compile) && (echo ==== >&5) && ($ax_pthread_link_step)"
+             ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+             for ax_pthread_try in '' -Qunused-arguments -Wno-unused-command-line-argument unknown; do
+                AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_try" = "xunknown"], [break])
+                CFLAGS="-Werror -Wunknown-warning-option $ax_pthread_try -pthread $ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+                ac_link="$ax_pthread_save_ac_link"
+                AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_SOURCE([[int main(void){return 0;}]])],
+                    [ac_link="$ax_pthread_2step_ac_link"
+                     AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_SOURCE([[int main(void){return 0;}]])],
+                         [break])
+                    ])
+             done
+             ac_link="$ax_pthread_save_ac_link"
+             CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+             AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_try" = "x"], [ax_pthread_try=no])
+             ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG="$ax_pthread_try"
+            ])
+
+        case "$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG" in
+                no | unknown) ;;
+                *) PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG $PTHREAD_CFLAGS" ;;
+        esac
+
+fi # $ax_pthread_clang = yes
+
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xno"; then
+for ax_pthread_try_flag in $ax_pthread_flags; do
+
+        case $ax_pthread_try_flag in
+                none)
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work without any flags])
+                ;;
+
+                -mt,pthread)
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work with -mt -lpthread])
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="-mt"
+                PTHREAD_LIBS="-lpthread"
+                ;;
+
+                -*)
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work with $ax_pthread_try_flag])
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_try_flag"
+                ;;
+
+                pthread-config)
+                AC_CHECK_PROG([ax_pthread_config], [pthread-config], [yes], [no])
+                AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_config" = "xno"], [continue])
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="`pthread-config --cflags`"
+                PTHREAD_LIBS="`pthread-config --ldflags` `pthread-config --libs`"
+                ;;
+
+                *)
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([for the pthreads library -l$ax_pthread_try_flag])
+                PTHREAD_LIBS="-l$ax_pthread_try_flag"
+                ;;
+        esac
+
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
+        CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
+
+        # Check for various functions.  We must include pthread.h,
+        # since some functions may be macros.  (On the Sequent, we
+        # need a special flag -Kthread to make this header compile.)
+        # We check for pthread_join because it is in -lpthread on IRIX
+        # while pthread_create is in libc.  We check for pthread_attr_init
+        # due to DEC craziness with -lpthreads.  We check for
+        # pthread_cleanup_push because it is one of the few pthread
+        # functions on Solaris that doesn't have a non-functional libc stub.
+        # We try pthread_create on general principles.
+
+        AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>
+#                       if $ax_pthread_check_cond
+#                        error "$ax_pthread_check_macro must be defined"
+#                       endif
+                        static void routine(void *a) { a = 0; }
+                        static void *start_routine(void *a) { return a; }],
+                       [pthread_t th; pthread_attr_t attr;
+                        pthread_create(&th, 0, start_routine, 0);
+                        pthread_join(th, 0);
+                        pthread_attr_init(&attr);
+                        pthread_cleanup_push(routine, 0);
+                        pthread_cleanup_pop(0) /* ; */])],
+            [ax_pthread_ok=yes],
+            [])
+
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
+
+        AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"], [break])
+
+        PTHREAD_LIBS=""
+        PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
+done
+fi
+
+# Various other checks:
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"; then
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
+        CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
+
+        # Detect AIX lossage: JOINABLE attribute is called UNDETACHED.
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([for joinable pthread attribute],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR=unknown
+             for ax_pthread_attr in PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED; do
+                 AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>],
+                                                 [int attr = $ax_pthread_attr; return attr /* ; */])],
+                                [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR=$ax_pthread_attr; break],
+                                [])
+             done
+            ])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR" != "xunknown" && \
+               test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR" != "xPTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_joinable_attr_defined" != "xyes"],
+              [AC_DEFINE_UNQUOTED([PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE],
+                                  [$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR],
+                                  [Define to necessary symbol if this constant
+                                   uses a non-standard name on your system.])
+               ax_pthread_joinable_attr_defined=yes
+              ])
+
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether more special flags are required for pthreads],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS=no
+             case $host_os in
+             solaris*)
+             ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS="-D_POSIX_PTHREAD_SEMANTICS"
+             ;;
+             esac
+            ])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS" != "xno" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_special_flags_added" != "xyes"],
+              [PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+               ax_pthread_special_flags_added=yes])
+
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([for PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT],
+            [AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([[#include <pthread.h>]],
+                                             [[int i = PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT;]])],
+                            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=yes],
+                            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=no])
+            ])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT" = "xyes" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_prio_inherit_defined" != "xyes"],
+              [AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT], [1], [Have PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT.])
+               ax_pthread_prio_inherit_defined=yes
+              ])
+
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
+
+        # More AIX lossage: compile with *_r variant
+        if test "x$GCC" != "xyes"; then
+            case $host_os in
+                aix*)
+                AS_CASE(["x/$CC"],
+                    [x*/c89|x*/c89_128|x*/c99|x*/c99_128|x*/cc|x*/cc128|x*/xlc|x*/xlc_v6|x*/xlc128|x*/xlc128_v6],
+                    [#handle absolute path differently from PATH based program lookup
+                     AS_CASE(["x$CC"],
+                         [x/*],
+                         [AS_IF([AS_EXECUTABLE_P([${CC}_r])],[PTHREAD_CC="${CC}_r"])],
+                         [AC_CHECK_PROGS([PTHREAD_CC],[${CC}_r],[$CC])])])
+                ;;
+            esac
+        fi
+fi
+
+test -n "$PTHREAD_CC" || PTHREAD_CC="$CC"
+
+AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_LIBS])
+AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_CFLAGS])
+AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_CC])
+
+# Finally, execute ACTION-IF-FOUND/ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND:
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"; then
+        ifelse([$1],,[AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD],[1],[Define if you have POSIX threads libraries and header files.])],[$1])
+        :
+else
+        ax_pthread_ok=no
+        $2
+fi
+AC_LANG_POP
+])dnl AX_PTHREAD
diff --git a/pthread-stubs.pc.in b/pthread-stubs.pc.in
index 6900598..4522c04 100644
--- a/pthread-stubs.pc.in
+++ b/pthread-stubs.pc.in
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@  exec_prefix=@exec_prefix@
 libdir=@libdir@
 
 Name: pthread stubs
-Description: Stubs missing from libc for standard pthread functions
+Description: Meta package for pthread symbols - defaults to pthread if libc does not provide lightweight stubs.
 Version: @PACKAGE_VERSION@
+Cflags: @PKG_CONFIG_CFLAGS@
 Libs: @PKG_CONFIG_LIBS@
diff --git a/stubs.c.m4 b/stubs.c.m4
deleted file mode 100644
index e069b9e..0000000
--- a/stubs.c.m4
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,91 +0,0 @@ 
-m4_divert(-1)m4_dnl -*- c -*-
-m4_changequote(`[',`]')
-m4_changecom()
-
-m4_define([upcase], [m4_translit([$*], [a-z], [A-Z])])
-
-m4_define([alias], [m4_dnl
-#ifndef upcase(HAVE_[$3])
-#define upcase(NEED_[$1]_STUB)
-# ifdef SUPPORT_ATTRIBUTE_ALIAS
-[$2] [$3]() __attribute__ ((weak, [alias] ("__pthread_[$1]_stub")));
-# else
-#  pragma weak [$3] = __pthread_[$1]_stub
-# endif
-#endif
-])
-
-m4_divert(0)m4_dnl
-/* Copyright (C) 2006 Diego Pettenò
- * Copyright (C) 2010 M Joonas Pihlaja
- * Inspired by libX11 code copyright (c) 1995 David E. Wexelblat.
- *
- * This is an automatically created file from stubs.c.m4.  Do not edit.
- *
- * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
- * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
- * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
- * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
- * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
- * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
- *
- * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
- * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
- *
- * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
- * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
- * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
- * AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN
- * ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
- * CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
- *
- * Except as contained in this notice, the names of the authors or their
- * institutions shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the
- * sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written
- * authorization from the authors.
- */
-
-#include <pthread.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include "config.h"
-
-m4_include([list.m4])
-
-#ifdef NEED_ZERO_STUB
-static int __pthread_zero_stub()
-{
-    return 0;
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef NEED_ABORT_STUB
-static int __pthread_abort_stub()
-{
-    abort();
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef NEED_SELF_STUB
-static pthread_t __pthread_self_stub(void)
-{
-    pthread_t th;
-
-    memset(&th, 0, sizeof (th));
-    return th;
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef NEED_EQUAL_STUB
-static int __pthread_equal_stub(pthread_t t1, pthread_t t2)
-{
-    return 1;
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef NEED_EXIT_STUB
-static void __pthread_exit_stub(void *ret)
-{
-    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
-}
-#endif